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Genitourinary Cancers

The genitourinary tract refers to the urinary and the male genital tract. Cancer can form in any part of the genitourinary tract, including the prostate, bladder, kidneys, urethra and testis, as well as in the upper tract.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men. The American Cancer Society estimates that one in every six men will develop prostate cancer in his lifetime. According to the American Cancer Society, about 238,590 men were diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2013. Prostate cancer is very manageable and often curable. More than 98 percent of men with prostate cancer will live more than five years after diagnosis.

Because surgery and radiation can both be equally effective curative treatments for prostate cancer, it is important to review all of your treatment options. Ask your urologist about surgery and your radiation oncologist about radiation therapy. Learn about the risks and benefits of both to see what best meets your goals balancing cure and quality of life.

The bladder is located in the pelvis. It collects and stores urine and has a muscular wall that allows it to contract and expand. The American Cancer Society estimates that 72,570 new cases of bladder cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2013 and 15,210 people will die of the disease.

Cancer limited to the lining of the bladder is called non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). This type of cancer is sometimes called superficial bladder cancer. More than 75 percent of bladder cancer is diagnosed as a NMIBC and it has an excellent survival rate. Muscle invasive bladder cancer penetrates the layers of muscles in the bladder and is more likely to spread to other parts of the body but is often still quite curable. Bladder cancer is four times more common in men than in women. It is two times more common in Caucasians than African-Americans.

Types of Genitourinary Cancers We Treat

  • Prostate Cancer
  • Genitourinary
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Upper Tract Tumors
  • Urothelial Carcinoma of the Prostate
  • Testicular Cancer

Our Approach

Depending on your stage and particular situation, genitourinary cancers can be treated with radiation, surgery, or chemotherapy, either alone or in combination with each other.

The physicians at the University of Washington Department of Radiation Oncology work very closely with your surgeon and medical oncologist to determine which combination of treatment is best for you. Because of our team’s deep collaboration with the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, you can be assured that your treatment plan will be highly individualized and based on latest the advances in cancer research.

Please contact us if you are interested in a consultation to discuss the options that best fit you.

My goal is to guide patients through this difficult time by providing the most compassionate, personalized care possible and making sure they have access to the latest, innovative clinical trials and state-of-the-art technology.

- Smith "Jim" Apisarnthanarax, MD

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Additional information about
genitourinary cancers

Radiation Oncologists who specialize in
genitourinary cancers

Treatment Options

Open Clinical Trials

Treatment Facilities

SCCA Proton Therapy Center

1570 N 115th Street
Seattle, WA 98133

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Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA) – South Lake Union

1354 Aloha Street
Seattle, WA 98109

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University of Washington Medical Center Montlake – Radiation Oncology Center

1959 NE Pacific Street
Seattle, WA 98195

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UW Medicine Northwest Hospital & Medical Center — SCCA Radiation Oncology Services

1570 N 115th Street
Seattle, WA 98133

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VA of Puget Sound Health Care System (Veteran’s Administration)

1660 S Columbian Way
Seattle, WA 98108

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